# 130 Symposium
BACB CE Offered. CE Instructor: Adam Ventura, M.S.
Diagnosing and Treating Ethical Problems in ABA: What they are and how we can address them organizationally.
Chair: Jon S. Bailey (Florida State University)
Abstract: The dramatic increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder has greatly amplified the need for Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) services. This, in turn, has led to the development of more behavior analysis businesses. With this surge in start-ups, a need has arisen for more discourse in the arena of business ethics, as many ABA company owners and administrators struggle with difficult staffing and financial decisions every day, which may impact the efficacy of their clients’ treatment. The Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) Guidelines for Responsible Conduct for Behavior Analysts is designed to address ethical issues at the individual level. However, organizations that are remunerated for services that individual behavior analyst provide roam largely unaccountable through the landscape of applied behavior analysis. In this symposium, we will discuss some unethical individual and organizational practices and suggest a possible solution that will help to galvanize our community toward unified ethical practices.
Discussant: Devon Sundberg (Behavior Analysis Center for Autism)
Dr. Genae Hall and Jennifer Elia
# 362 Poster Session
102. Tact-Mand Transfer as a Higher-Order Verbal Operant: Assessing and/or Establishing this Relation in Early Learners with Autism (AUT; Applied Research) GENAE HALL (Behavior Analysis Center for Autism, Behavior Analysis ), Jennifer Elia (Behavior Analysis Center for Autism), Meghan Miles (Behavior Analysis Center for Autism), Kelli Luck (Behavior Analysis Center for Autism), Mark L. Sundberg (Sundberg and Associates)
Abstract: With the variety of experimental arrangements that have been employed and differing entering repertoires of the participants, it is not surprising that results of studies on tact-mand independence have seemed to vary. Tact-mand transfer appears to constitute an abstract relation between tacts and mands–a higher-order verbal operant. Assessing this relation would seem to involve training specific verbal topographies as tacts, arranging effective mand conditions, and assessing whether the same topographies emerge as mands. If they do not, the learner is currently naïve with respect to this relation; that is, tacts and mands are functionally independent in his or her repertoire. In many learners, an abstract relation between tacts and mands may then be established via multiple exemplar training. The present study replicated and extended Hall & Sundberg (1987) by first assessing a pre-existing abstract relation between tacts and mands in several early learners with autism. If this relation was absent, one or more tact-mand pairs were trained in an effort to establish it. For all participants (five, to this point), the experimenter specified three tact-mand targets for each of three behavioral chains (nine total) and probed all mands after all tacts had been trained to criterion; this was accomplished by manipulating transitive conditioned motivating operations via the interrupted behavior chain procedure. If mands did not emerge, participants were considered naïve with respect to an abstract relation between tacts and mands and received direct mand training on one or more topographies previously trained only as tacts. After each mand was trained, the remaining untrained mands were probed, to assess the point at which untrained mands began to emerge (i.e., the point of transfer).
(Lea) Courtney June
158. Behavior as the Brohaviorist Views It RYAN LEE O’DONNELL (Brohavior), Amy Lynn Evans (Brohavior), Marc D’Antin (Brohavior), Tara M. Grant (Brohavior), Cameron Green (Brohavior), Lea June (Brohavior), Scott A. Miller (Brohavior), Dominique Stedham (Brohavior)
Abstract: Brohavior is an online community of behavioral neophytes and journeymen that formed in April of 2013. The question usually goes “Why Brohavior?” Well, the name was jokingly suggested at our first meeting and has since stuck. Membership is close to 50/50 women to men with members stretched across 6 states in the U.S., 4 countries (U.S., Canada, China, and Norway) and 15 affiliations. Our aim is to create a collaborative environment where students of behavior analysis are exposed to and pursue behavior analytic literature, philosophy and research that is outside of the scope of the BACB approved course sequence. We work towards this mission via the following aims: a private listserv, weekly web-based meetings, settings weekly and monthly goals, tracking goals, and sharing professional presentations. Our main focus for involvement is that you have a passion for behavior analysis and that you are willing to experience the embarrassment, confusion, love, and all of the other “baggage” that comes with learning new things. If you share a similar interest, then please introduce yourself and chat with us!
# 145 Symposium
PRA/CSE; Service Delivery
BACB CE Offered. CE Instructor: Lea June, M.A.
Certification, Licensure, and Autism Insurance Law
Chair: Marc D’Antin (Brohavior)
Abstract: A great deal of interest from funding entities, consumers, employers, and practitioners has occurred as a result of the demand for applied behavior analysis (ABA) services over the last several years. We are currently in an era of substantial growth in numbers of certified professionals and training programs in the United States (US). Funding sources like government agencies and health insurance plans prefer to exercise some oversight of credentialed professionals and are reasonably reluctant to pay for those who are not credentialed. As changes continue to occur very quickly, it is a very important time to be generally educated in these areas. Over the past year, licensure efforts have been fast paced, Autism Speaks has been extremely active in getting insurance laws passed in the US, and the international certification program of behavior analysis by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc. ‘ (BACB’) in conjunction with laws and regulations recognizing this credential has served a role in many licensure and insurance coverage efforts. The symposia presented today will cover all of these areas and then additionally provide graduate and recent graduate student perspectives on these issues.
Discussant: Gina Green (Association of Professional Behavior Analysts)
# 146 Symposium
BACB CE Offered. CE Instructor: Lea June, M.S.
Bring Out the Big Guns: Influencing Large-Scale Change with Behavior Science
Chair: Olivia Gratz (Saint Louis University)
Abstract: Global threatening events, including overconsumption of material goods, toxic human societies, and modern warfare are seemingly amenable to systematic change through a behavior analytical approach. An analysis of the systems within which large-scale cultural phenomena are selected for perpetuation is an alluring area of research for behavior analysts. This symposium will detail the conceptual underpinnings of an effective science of intentional cultural change. A historical summary and interpretation of large-scale implementation of behavior analysis will be provided for consideration and resources for further pursuit of knowledge will be provided. Researchers will present descriptive analyses of metacontingencies influencing the aggregate products of rates of safe driving and child welfare outcomes in Brazil. The challenges behavior analysts face when developing valid approaches to the experimental analysis of cultural change will be outlined and recommendations for future explorations will be presented.
Discussant: Anthony Biglan (Oregon Research Institute)
A Brief History of Large-Scale Behavior Analysis LEA JUNE (Brohavior ), Ryan Lee O’Donnell (Brohavior)
Abstract: Students of behavior analysis contact few opportunities to acquire knowledge surrounding the history of the field of large-scale behavior analysis. This gap in the student’s repertoire may be the result of few standards in place within the overarching teaching institutions and certification systems that target this particular skill set. As a result, students of behavior analysis are often left on their own to not only learn the history of the field of large-scale behavior analysis, but to also identify available resources. We have found that individuals who successfully contact this information come to find the value in historical knowledge of such behavioral approaches to examining large-scale behavioral phenomena. The aim of this presentation is to provide a quick review of the history and resources available to the behavioral neophytes who are interested in learning more about the history of large-scale behavior analysis.